The debate on Climate Change and Agriculture is
crucial with regards to Africa's development and to the prosperity of its
people. In fact, the continent is particularly vulnerable to Climate Change
given the levels of poverty that characterize it.
Climate Change in Africa materializes itself
particularly through prolonged periods of drought, which seriously affect the
agricultural sector. Consequently, this results in the degradation of soil
quality, higher temperatures, desert encroachment, frequent sandstorms,
declining water resources, falling yields in agricultural productivity, proliferation
of insects, threats to food security and increased poverty on the continent.
Funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF),
the World Bank has approved a US$4.2 million grant to support the Government of
Burundi's efforts in promoting sustainable land and water management in coffee
farms, within the pilot Sustainable Coffee Landscape Project.
Focusing on the Bubanza, Bururi, and Muyinga
provinces, the grant will increase coffee productivity, while improving water
pollution levels and promoting landscape conservation and eco-tourism. The
project will pilot shade-grown coffee, that promotes coffee cultivation and a
planting approach that mixes coffee with various trees and plants such as beans
and maize. Planned activities include new bean-washing stations,
water-efficient equipment and certification schemes.
Moreover, patrolling equipment, law enforcement measures and
environmental education will be fostered in order to reinforce protection of
the Bururi Natural Forest Reserve (BNFR), in South-western Burundi. [World Bank Press Release] [Sustainable Coffee Landscape Project]
Many Strong Voices (MSV) is developing a project on ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) to climate change, which is a priority area for MSV in 2013. The aim of this project is to reduce vulnerability to climate change by supporting an EbA methodology that integrates scientific and local/traditional knowledge.
Case studies will be carried out in communities in Belize and Seychelles. Work carried out to date includes field visits in both countries to meet with potential partners and assess local conditions. This project seeks to formalize a methodology that combines evidence-based, scientific data with community knowledge and experiences, and empower communities to make informed choices on how to reduce vulnerability to climate change.
The changes in
fisheries and other natural resources which are sensitive to climate change
affect livelihoods of communities. There is
limited knowledge on impact of climate variability and change on the
livelihoods to facilitate and guide development of
adaptation and mitigation measures to sustain livelihoods in the face of changing climate that is expected to intensify in future. This project aims at using quantitative data and survey questionnairrres to determine variations in climate parameters, Key
demographic characteristics, Major livelihoods, Adaptation and Mitigation measures of fisher communities with an aim of enhancing adaptation and mitigation. It will be conducted on a shallow Lake which has manifested changes
in climate parameters over decades.
Located 80 kilometres
south of Dakar, the Saly seaside resort area is perhaps Senegal’s most popular
and profitable tourist attraction. Hundreds of thousands of tourists, mostly
European, visit the country to holiday there, drawn by the year-round sunny
weather and beaches of fine white sand. But in the last few years, the ocean
that had been an accomplice in leisure became destructive; its waves began to
swallow up sand from the beach and damage the hotels. In May, management of the
Filaos Hotel, one of the largest in the area, had to evacuate guests from rooms
closest to the sea when waves threatened to flood them.It soon transpired that
the beach in front of 10 major hotels, beach the national beach soccer team
trained on just three years ago, had widely eroded and even disappeared in some
places. Read more http://bit.ly/P2jcd9
The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) has published three reports on climate risk management (CRM) in Kenya, Niger and Uganda, as part of the UN Development Programme’s (UNDP) Climate Risk Management (CRM) Technical Assistance Support Project (TASP). The reports illustrate how different communities in high-risk countries may have to adapt to a changing climate across a range of sectors.
CRM TASP is led by UNDP's Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) with inputs from the UNDP Bureau for Development Policy Energy and Environment Group (BDP/EEG). The objective of the project is to analyze risks to development associated with climate variability and change in order to define and prioritize risk management solution measures in both the short- and long-term. Read more http://bit.ly/13sIPdz
The construction of a community gravity flow scheme covering three villages of the Kapchorwa district was officially launched on 11th April 2012 by IUCN, in partnership with UNDP, UNEP and Kapchorwa District Local Government. Funded by the German Government (Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety) and targeting Sanzara parish, the scheme is one of the nature based solutions being promoted by IUCN under the Ecosystem Based Adaptation (EBA) project to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity of the communities to the adverse effects of climate change - in this case drought. Read more http://bit.ly/15MCae4
In Uganda, small scale
farmers’ adaptation to climate change is mostly based on local coping knowledge
and understanding of seasonality. A typical Ugandan small scale farmer depends
on the mercy of nature for agricultural production. Small scale farmers'
accessibility to agricultural innovations is often limited by socio-economic
institutional deficiencies. In a study that documented climate change impacts
on small scale farmers, it was confirmed that indigenous adaptation is small
scale farmers’ option towards ensuring food security and income improvement
approaches. Indigenous knowledge is an integral part of small scale farmers’
lives. Local coping strategies provide the foundation for small scale farmers’
own ideas on how to survive during harsh times. Adaptation to climate change
that is occurring is based on past experiences, which are passed on from one
generation to another. Read more http://twinoben.blogspot.com/
To help Burkina Faso’s
national meteorological service provide reliable, detailed and up-to-date
weather monitoring and forecasting, the AAP team there recently helped it
acquire new automated weather stations (AWS). A total of 16 AWS were procured,
comprising six agro-meteorological stations and 10 hydro-meteorological
stations. The new equipment will double the number of weather stations in the
country thereby strengthening the capacity of the Directorate General of
Meteorology’s (DGM) weather data collection network to provide real-time
weather monitoring and more efficient measuring of climatic changes in Burkina Faso.
Read more http://bit.ly/TaqZl6
Niger ranks among the countries most vulnerable to climate change.
People here have already noticed a shortening of the rainy season and higher
average temperatures. These changes are resulting in smaller yields in the most
widely cultivated and consumed crops. Read more http://bit.ly/TzrxaH