(Thomson Reuters Foundation) – A solar-powered mosquito trap is showing
early signs of helping to lower the incidence of malaria on Rusinga
Island, in Western Kenya.
The device, invented by Kenyan and Dutch researchers, uses a
solar roof panel to power an electric fan and mosquito zapper,
installed on the outside of traditional tin-roofed mud and daub houses
on the island. Nylon strips, impregnated with artificial human scent,
help draw mosquitoes to the trap and the fan sucks them into the device,
the researchers said. Read more http://bit.ly/1b9bmUV
The UN Development Programme (UNDP) has reported
that the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) of the Global Environment
Facility (GEF) approved a US$43.63m grant for a UNDP-led initiative to
strengthen climate information and early warning systems in ten African
The US$43.63 million programme will be implemented
in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Liberia, Malawi, São Tomé and Principe,
Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. The programme is supported through
the GEF's Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF).
The Programme of Research on Climate Change
Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA) has released a report titled
'Research Priorities on Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation: Responding to
the Climate Change Challenge,' which presents global research priorities that
were identified through a consultation process with experts and policymakers,
and are intended to serve as guidance to researchers, donor groups and other
The overarching aim of Phase 1 of the China and South-South Scoping Assessment for Learning and Development initiative is to identify key opportunities and avenues for South-South learning and climate compatible development and how to best channel resources to share China's and developing countries' experiences of integrating climate adaptation into the development process. This project is being implemented in ten (10) countries across three regions including Africa (Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Rwanda); Asia (Bangladesh, Nepal, Indonesia) and the Caribbean (Grenada, Jamaica). Final outputs from Phase 1, including the Full Report and Country Reports follow details on the project below.
Read more http://www.intasave.org/cassald.html
Coffee is a major cash crop in Uganda, but research shows that the smallholder farmers who produce 90% of it could have their already vulnerable livelihoods made more vulnerable by climate change.
Oxfam’s research project interviewed coffee farmers in the Rwenzori Mountains and found that they are aware that the climate is changing and becoming less predictable, and have used various adaptation strategies. But for Arabica coffee, which can only be grown at high altitudes in Uganda, climate change and rising temperatures are likely to further restrict the areas in which it can be grown.
This report makes recommendations for adapting coffee production in Uganda to reduce the impact of climate change on the economy and to reduce the risks that smallholder farmers will fall further into poverty. Read more http://cc.cc/OSkg
Kenya (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – When Kahindi Charo gathered 30 of his
friends to replant mangroves in the 32 square km (12 square mile)
Mida Creek area, people in his village of Dabaso in Kilifi County dismissed
them as crazy idlers.
recalls that back then, in 2000, the creek had suffered badly from unregulated
harvesting that had left the area bare, with rotting stumps and patches of old
Mida Creek, about 60 km (38 miles) north of Mombasa, flourishes with dense
mangrove plantations that provide a habitat for birds, fish and crabs. There is
also a boardwalk leading to a 12-seat eco-restaurant perched beside the Indian
Read more http://cc.cc/GVUt
A long-standing irrigation project implemented by the
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Swaziland has
reported results in increasing adaptation to climate change, conserving
biodiversity and reducing land degradation through sustainable land management
The Lower Usuthu Smallholder Irrigation Project,
which has run from 2004-2013, is reducing the impact of issues surrounding
water scarcity through collaboration on constructing water harvesting tanks
with the Women in Development department in the Ministry of Tinkhundla
Administration and Development. The tanks divert overflow water to backyard
gardens, building resilience of local populations and benefiting the
livelihoods of the rural poor.
The project creates conditions for commercialization
of sustainable, high-value crops through large-scale irrigation. The network of
irrigation that will be expanded through the next phase of the project will
help meet the water needs of farmers in a cost-efficient way. Additional
activities being promoted by the project include low tillage, conservation
agriculture, forestation and biomass energy production. [IFAD
Press Release] [Overview
of the Lower Usuthu Smallholder Irrigation Project]
read more: http://climate-l.iisd.org/news/ifad-irrigation-project-improves-livelihoods-increases-climate-resilience-in-swaziland/
Funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF),
the World Bank has approved a US$4.2 million grant to support the Government of
Burundi's efforts in promoting sustainable land and water management in coffee
farms, within the pilot Sustainable Coffee Landscape Project.
Focusing on the Bubanza, Bururi, and Muyinga
provinces, the grant will increase coffee productivity, while improving water
pollution levels and promoting landscape conservation and eco-tourism. The
project will pilot shade-grown coffee, that promotes coffee cultivation and a
planting approach that mixes coffee with various trees and plants such as beans
and maize. Planned activities include new bean-washing stations,
water-efficient equipment and certification schemes.
Moreover, patrolling equipment, law enforcement measures and
environmental education will be fostered in order to reinforce protection of
the Bururi Natural Forest Reserve (BNFR), in South-western Burundi. [World Bank Press Release] [Sustainable Coffee Landscape Project]
Many Strong Voices (MSV) is developing a project on ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) to climate change, which is a priority area for MSV in 2013. The aim of this project is to reduce vulnerability to climate change by supporting an EbA methodology that integrates scientific and local/traditional knowledge.
Case studies will be carried out in communities in Belize and Seychelles. Work carried out to date includes field visits in both countries to meet with potential partners and assess local conditions. This project seeks to formalize a methodology that combines evidence-based, scientific data with community knowledge and experiences, and empower communities to make informed choices on how to reduce vulnerability to climate change.
The changes in
fisheries and other natural resources which are sensitive to climate change
affect livelihoods of communities. There is
limited knowledge on impact of climate variability and change on the
livelihoods to facilitate and guide development of
adaptation and mitigation measures to sustain livelihoods in the face of changing climate that is expected to intensify in future. This project aims at using quantitative data and survey questionnairrres to determine variations in climate parameters, Key
demographic characteristics, Major livelihoods, Adaptation and Mitigation measures of fisher communities with an aim of enhancing adaptation and mitigation. It will be conducted on a shallow Lake which has manifested changes
in climate parameters over decades.
Located 80 kilometres
south of Dakar, the Saly seaside resort area is perhaps Senegal’s most popular
and profitable tourist attraction. Hundreds of thousands of tourists, mostly
European, visit the country to holiday there, drawn by the year-round sunny
weather and beaches of fine white sand. But in the last few years, the ocean
that had been an accomplice in leisure became destructive; its waves began to
swallow up sand from the beach and damage the hotels. In May, management of the
Filaos Hotel, one of the largest in the area, had to evacuate guests from rooms
closest to the sea when waves threatened to flood them.It soon transpired that
the beach in front of 10 major hotels, beach the national beach soccer team
trained on just three years ago, had widely eroded and even disappeared in some
places. Read more http://bit.ly/P2jcd9
The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) has published three reports on climate risk management (CRM) in Kenya, Niger and Uganda, as part of the UN Development Programme’s (UNDP) Climate Risk Management (CRM) Technical Assistance Support Project (TASP). The reports illustrate how different communities in high-risk countries may have to adapt to a changing climate across a range of sectors.
CRM TASP is led by UNDP's Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) with inputs from the UNDP Bureau for Development Policy Energy and Environment Group (BDP/EEG). The objective of the project is to analyze risks to development associated with climate variability and change in order to define and prioritize risk management solution measures in both the short- and long-term. Read more http://bit.ly/13sIPdz
The construction of a community gravity flow scheme covering three villages of the Kapchorwa district was officially launched on 11th April 2012 by IUCN, in partnership with UNDP, UNEP and Kapchorwa District Local Government. Funded by the German Government (Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety) and targeting Sanzara parish, the scheme is one of the nature based solutions being promoted by IUCN under the Ecosystem Based Adaptation (EBA) project to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity of the communities to the adverse effects of climate change - in this case drought. Read more http://bit.ly/15MCae4
In Uganda, small scale
farmers’ adaptation to climate change is mostly based on local coping knowledge
and understanding of seasonality. A typical Ugandan small scale farmer depends
on the mercy of nature for agricultural production. Small scale farmers'
accessibility to agricultural innovations is often limited by socio-economic
institutional deficiencies. In a study that documented climate change impacts
on small scale farmers, it was confirmed that indigenous adaptation is small
scale farmers’ option towards ensuring food security and income improvement
approaches. Indigenous knowledge is an integral part of small scale farmers’
lives. Local coping strategies provide the foundation for small scale farmers’
own ideas on how to survive during harsh times. Adaptation to climate change
that is occurring is based on past experiences, which are passed on from one
generation to another. Read more http://twinoben.blogspot.com/
To help Burkina Faso’s
national meteorological service provide reliable, detailed and up-to-date
weather monitoring and forecasting, the AAP team there recently helped it
acquire new automated weather stations (AWS). A total of 16 AWS were procured,
comprising six agro-meteorological stations and 10 hydro-meteorological
stations. The new equipment will double the number of weather stations in the
country thereby strengthening the capacity of the Directorate General of
Meteorology’s (DGM) weather data collection network to provide real-time
weather monitoring and more efficient measuring of climatic changes in Burkina Faso.
Read more http://bit.ly/TaqZl6
Niger ranks among the countries most vulnerable to climate change.
People here have already noticed a shortening of the rainy season and higher
average temperatures. These changes are resulting in smaller yields in the most
widely cultivated and consumed crops. Read more http://bit.ly/TzrxaH