Resources for Theme 'Poverty and vulnerability'
Note d'orientation sur le forum d'apprentissage: Évaluer comment l'adaptation aux changements climatiques contribure à la réduction de la pauvreté
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-09-21 | 265.7 KB | details
Ce document décrit le contexte, la justification, les objectifs et les produits attendus pour le forum.
Responding to a changing climate: Exploring how disaster risk reduction, social protection and livelihoods approaches promote features of adaptive capacity
josephinelofty | 2010-08-30 | 868.9 KB | details
This paper reviews how aspects of disaster risk reduction, social protection and livelihoods approaches may act in contributing to the various features of adaptive capacity in the context of climate change.
larson | 2010-08-11 | 197.1 KB | details
A series of case study summaries
admin | 2010-07-30 | 3.6 MB | details
This is the AfricaAdapt newsletter for July 2010.
A Participatory Approach to Data Collection for GIS for Flood Risk Management in Informal Settlements of Cape Town
keverini | 2010-06-02 | 1.2 MB | details
A by-product of the apartheid era in South Africa is that most informal settlements in Cape Town are situated on marginal and often poorly drained land. Consequently, most of these settlements are prone to flooding after prolonged rainfall. Informal settlements are often characterised by high population growth and poor infrastructure. Current flood risk management techniques implemented by the authorities of the Cape Town City Council (CTCC) are ideal for formally planned settlements but are not designed to support informal settlements. In fact, owing to a lack of information about the levels of flood risk within the individual settlements, the CTCC has often either been uninvolved or it has implemented inappropriate remedies within such settlements. Various authors purport that the inadequate flow of information between all stakeholders has hampered development of sustainable flood risk management strategies. Using a case study of a flood prone informal settlement in Cape Town, this paper demonstrates a methodology for the collection and integration of community based information into a Geographic Information System (GIS) that can be used by the CTCC for risk assessment. In addition, this paper shows how data collected from communities can demonstrate micro levels of vulnerability and guide risk management strategies. This work contributes to the body of Participatory GIS (PGIS). The overall contribution of this work lies in demonstrating a practical participatory approach to data collection for GIS that is used for development of sustainable flood risk management strategies in informal settlements. This paper has been prsented at the AfricaGEO Conference in cape Town in June 2011.
Village Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning: Mlingotini and Kitonga, Bagamoyo District, Tanzania
robadue | 2010-06-01 | 414.1 KB | details
The Pwani Project, in partnership with District government staff and a local NGO in 2010 began a process of meeting with and working with village leadership in rural villages in Bagamoyo District – Mlingotini and Kitonga, to conduct village-level climate change vulnerability assessments and adaptation planning (V&A). In each village, a 12 person Climate Change Committee, with an equal number of men and women was formed. This report documents the methods used and results of the V&A.
narradapt | 2010-04-02 | 2.3 MB | details
Quick notes and tips on how to collect narratives, what to ask and for what purposes
System wise practical solutions for the Adaptation to Climate Change and orientations for partnerships
admin | 2010-03-28 | 121.5 KB | details
Adaptation is a matter of internally organized and/or externally driven transition of agriculture in the face of climate change: from Vulnerability to Resilience; from Adaptation to Mitigation; from piece meal adaptation to Transformational Process. Diagnosis of conditions hampering progress should identify the components for remediation and should support sets of proposals for addressing the issues, mobilizing the resource, organizations, attitudes. This diagnosis brings to the identification of necessary partnerships. Adaptation to Climate Change is a matter of internally organized and/or externally driven transition. Three components are actually agreed upon for a transition of agriculture in the face of climate change: from Vulnerability to Resilience; from Adaptation to Adaptation and Mitigation; from piece meal adaptation to Transformational Process. A diagnosis of conditions hampering progress should identify the components for remediation and should support concrete and organized sets of proposals for addressing the issues at the scale they would affect the people, mobilizing the adequate resource, organizations and attitudes. This diagnosis brings to the identification of necessary partnerships. The actual components hampering the development of Sub- Saharan African agriculture are very much intricate. The vulnerability of farmers should be perceived within the considerable shift that happened for 20 years in production systems and markets and within the growing scarcity of access to resource.. Intensification of farming systems is a key word for facing the growing demand for agricultural products while access to natural resources is dwindling. Poverty is the most limiting factor for reducing vulnerability and for addressing Adaptation to Climate Change. Any transition in agriculture requires investment. The productivity of labor is an essential lever for getting out of poverty and for mitigating risks. Improving the productivity of the land through inputs use is another lever if inputs are affordable to people. The weak development of irrigation results from poor governance, lack of institutional development, lack of coherent budget allocation, lack of investment in farming and poor market development. It contributes to the actual vulnerability of people. Public support to agriculture declined in most countries during the last 30 years. Changing trends for national budget allocation so that at least 10% would be allocated to agriculture as decided in Dar Es SALAM in 2004 is a pain-stacking exercise. Markets development is the most powerful instrument for developing income in rural areas and reducing poverty. Production to consumption chains should become more competitive r to better serve domestic markets and to conquer markets for exports. Giving to farmers a better share of the added values for their products is a critical component in the policy agenda. The actual lack of support from the financing system to agriculture is part of the actual crisis situation in agriculture in Africa. Social nets and security food stocks are insurances at state level for the poorest. The role of poor governance at country level on the vulnerability of people, on the lack of competitiveness and on the wastage of natural resource is documented. Inadequacy of local governance for adequately developing the land, harnessing risks and investing in value chains is part of the actual situation in most countries. There is an urgent need for institutional development that would promote low carbon based development in rural areas. The transformational process required to face climate change should be system -wise conceived, inclusive and participative and should heal the main defaults and plagues of the current social and economic systems. Climate change is adding a dimension for risks management that has not been perceived so far at the right dimension. The transformational process needs an integrated action plan backed by adequate policies to support tools for development. It should combine investments, market support. It should improve access to resource for farmers and provide incentives for more appropriate agricultural practices that would empower organized rural societies. Generating and sharing accurate information is a crucial component. The development of information systems assisting the adaptation to climate change should be system-wise and provide for the promotion of local visions for a transformation process. It should encompass meteorological information; Information about inputs and outputs markets; information about the public organization of food security stocks and transparency about conditions for contributing to and accessing those stocks for farmers. It should consider information about access to land and to natural resource and about the development of systems and infrastructures harnessing natural resource. Information and organization should secure people, crops and livestock from emerging diseases, outbreaks of pests and epidemics. The transformational process should address changes that would seriously affect agriculture. It should provide resilience to accrued temperature through the sheltering of crops by trees and through a coherent set of windscreens. It should provide resilience to the vagaries of rains through the combination of drought resistant cultivars, crops with shorter cycles and more resilient multi-cropping and multi-storey systems. Water harvesting at field level should be developed through no tillage systems and conservation agriculture, reservoirs and ponds and rain-fed systems assisted through complementary irrigation should be developed. There is a need to revisit the rationale of the location of agricultural activities in relation to the circulation of water in watersheds related to abnormal rains. Water flows should be harnessed in the watersheds. It requires combined actions for greening the land, for improving water infiltration in cropped soils and for storing run-off water at different levels in the watersheds as well as well monitoring normal and abnormal water flows in the drainage system. There is an urgent need for the development of integrated financial systems combining credit, insurance, reinsurance and design of natural disasters involving public support to farmers to ease adaptation to climate change. There is a need for arranging buffer systems in the hands of farmers that would protect them against vagaries of market prices and also contribute to secure the food system. There is a need to design the relationships between district level security systems for food and provincial and national ones and to tie the system to imports in case of national shortages. There is also a need, possibly through regional trade, to organize the consumption of surpluses to normal consumption plus replenishment of security stocks in case of bumper yields. Considerable efforts are needed to invent accurate policies associating farmers’ organizations to solutions. Capacity should be provided for decentralized innovation while reinforcing capacity for centralized innovation. The promotion of farmers’ organizations for facing new challenges related to climate change should be the corner stone for any climate change adaptation strategy. The need for partnerships is thus complex and requires organization from the national level to the provincial level and district level. It requires the combination of public initiatives with the contribution from the professional sector and from the private sector.
Community-based vulnerability assessment and adaptation options in coastal villages: Bagamoyo District, Tanzania
robadue | 2010-03-21 | 1.1 MB | details
Presentation given to the Conference on “Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation in the Western Indian Ocean, held in Balaclava, Mauritius from 21st – 23rd March 2011. It describes the setting of Bagamoyo District, provides background on climate change adaptation in Tanzania and highlights the situation in Mlingotini and Kitonga villages.
Report of the CCAA learning forum on evaluating the contribution of climate change adaptation to poverty reduction
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-02-28 | 1011.5 KB | details
This report describes the process and findings of CCAA's second learning forum. The forum focused on evaluating the contributions of climate change adaptation to poverty reduction. It will soon be followed by a learning paper that develops the project examples in more detail.
emilyp | 2010-02-07 | 1.4 MB | details
This report focuses on the potential for national adaptation planning to be made in the best interests of the child, and how a rights-based perspective on climate change adaptation could transform national adaptation planning.
admin | 2010-01-01 | 980.4 KB | details
Ryan Laddey - Africa Adaptation Programme Experiences - gender and climate change : vulnerabilities and resilience in the face of climate change; Nancy A. Omolo - Gender, food insecurity and climate change amongst pastoral communities: case studies of Mandera and Turkana in Northern Kenya; Philip Otieno - Documenting the linkages between population growth, reproductive health, gender and climate change; Frances Seballos - Child Rights and Climate Change Adaptation.
admin | 2010-01-01 | 294.3 KB | details
Day 2, Panel 10: Roles of local and indigenous knowledge in addressing climate change (Sponsored by IDS Knowledge Services)
admin | 2010-01-01 | 794.6 KB | details
Chair - Henry Mahoo (Sokoine University, Tanzania); Kenneth Odero - The role of indigenous knowledge in responding to climate change: local-global Perspectives; Bonty Botumile - Integrating local and indigenous knowledge into river basin management for effective climate change adaptation; Annabella Abongwa Ngenwi - Climate change and adaptation strategies: lessons from women’s indigenous knowledge practices; Hubert N’Djafa Ouaga - La prévision saisonnière scientifique : Quel apport des connaissances traditionnelles?
admin | 2010-01-01 | 397.2 KB | details
Maria Onyango - Policy Issues in Integrating Indigenous Knowledge in climate risk management to support community based adaptation; Andrew Newsham - Agro-ecological knowledge & climate change adaptation in North Central Namibia; Elder Moonga - Climate change adaptive capacities in the traditional livestock system of southern Africa based on indigenous knowledge; Sibonginkosi Khumalo - The use of agrobiodiversity by indigenous and traditional agricultural communities in adapting to climate change.
admin | 2010-01-01 | 1.2 MB | details
Jose Levy - What African countries perceive to be key adaptation priorities: results from 20 countries in the Africa Adaptation Programme; Ernest Molua - Redefining Africa’s agrarian development policies in the face of climate change challenge: linking policy and practice; Charles Recha - State of adaptive capacity to climate variability in semi-arid Tharaka District, Kenya; Masego Madzwamuse - Climate Governance in Africa: Adaptation Strategies and Institutions.
admin | 2010-01-01 | 1.6 MB | details
Kirsty Wilson & Million Getnet - Investigating how development interventions increasecommunity-level adaptive capacity in Ethiopia; Joseph Adelegan - Cows to Kilowatts: Methane Emission from anaerobic digestion of Abattoir Waste turned into Clean Energy; Mercy Mwanikah Ojoyi - Adaptation to climate change by a natural resource dependent rural community of Gogonyo, Pallisa, Uganda; Paul Cowles - The role of capacity development in unleashing community responses to climate change adaptation.
admin | 2010-01-01 | 819.9 KB | details
Barrack Okaba - Disentangling vulnerabilities: a participatory assessment of priorities for climate change adaptation among smallholders in Kenya; Fiona Percy - Community based adaptation for local empowerment and global influence: methods and practice from the Adaptation Learning Programme for Africa; Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim - Indigenous knowledge and climate change: adaptation of nomadic pastoralists in Chad (French); Yohannes GebreMichael - Participatory climate-change adaptation building on local innovation
admin | 2010-01-01 | 571.1 KB | details
Chipo Plaxedes Mubaya - Climate variability and change or multiple stressors? Farmer perceptions regarding threats to livelihoods in Zimbabwe and Zambia; Sale Abou - The role of different information resources in the adaptation of agro-pastoralists to climate change, and identification of public policies: A case study in the arid region of Kibwezi, Kenya (French); Felix Olorunfemi - Flood Risk Management in diverse contexts: examples from Nigeria and South Africa; Cyriaque-Rufin Nguimalet - Comparison of communities’ adaptation strategies in Kenya and Central African Republic catchments to droughts and floods.
Day 2, panel 7: The roles of media and intermediaries in translating, sharing and advocating (Sponsored by CCAA)
admin | 2010-01-01 | 834.5 KB | details
Jillian Dyszynski - Scaling up local knowledge using innovative online knowledge management tools; Admire Mare - Gender, climate change and indigenous knowledge systems: the case of Chivi peasant farmers; Charles Chikapa - The role of community radio in climate adaptation; Edith Abilogo - Emphasis on shaping media discourse on forests and adaptation to climate change in the Congo Basin.
binetou | 2010-01-01 | 38.0 KB | details
UNDP and the Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme
hhove | 2010-01-01 | 536.7 KB | details
Drought events associated with climate change and climate variability have become more pronounced in Kenya in recent years, adversely affecting the lives and livelihoods of smallholder farmers in its arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs). In response, a pilot project has been undertaken that links together the provision of downscaled weather forecasts, improved agricultural practices, increased access to reliable water sources and the promotion of a revolving microcredit system for women’s self-help groups. The project’s interventions are contributing to improved and diversified livelihoods as well as facilitating the integration of adaptation to climate change into policies related to disaster management and sustainable development of arid and semi-arid lands.
Communication pour le développement de la diffusion des technologies agricoles et forestières au Bas-Congo
federica-matteoli | 2010-01-01 | 1.3 MB | details
Le but de ce document est de présenter le travail fait in Congo par l’ICDD -(CSDI) en support au projet REAFOR. Le plan d’action en communication élabore est le résulte de l’enquête diagnostic menée dans deux territoires du District des Cataractes, à savoir Mbanza-Ngungu et Luozi, dans la province du Bas-Congo, RDC. Cette enquête a permis de faire l’état des lieux de la filière manioc et de l’agroforesterie dans cette zone et les méthodologie implique pendant l’enquête ont été expliquer dans ce document.
federica-matteoli | 2010-01-01 | 1.2 MB | details
According to the Communication for Sustainable Development Initiative (CSDI), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and other United Nations agencies recognise that communication is fundamental to promote sustainable development. Within this framework, this document focuses on communication for Development (ComDev) as a participatory communication approach that combines a variety of processes and tools ranging from rural radio to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), and can contribute to indigenous peoples' development.
admin | 2010-01-01 | 3.7 MB | details