Resources for Theme 'Poverty and vulnerability'
fmannke | 2013-02-18 | 545.7 KB | details
Developing promising strategies using analogue locations in
Eastern and Southern Africa (CALESA project).
Climate change and Ecosystem-based Adaptation: a new pragmatic approach to buffering climate change impacts
admin | 2013-01-17 | 233.2 KB | details
The changing climate is no longer an abstract issue, and the realities of its impacts are being felt across the globe. Climate change is affecting millions of people, and thwarting their efforts to escape poverty. Against this harsh reality, it will be imperative to speed up the integration of climate risk considerations into policy, in order to ensure that development proceeds along pathways that are resilient to climate change. However, the questions as to the type of strategies, approaches and actions required still generate divergent views on the international policy arena. Closer attention to a broader spectrum of adaptation options is urgently needed. Approaches that go beyond words into actions with potential to informing and guiding policy practices are imperative and urgently needed. In particular Ecosystem-based Adaptation approaches have proved to provide flexible, cost effective and broadly applicable alternatives for reducing the impacts of climate change and as such are a critical tool at adaptation planners disposal for tackling the threats that climate change poses to peoples lives and livelihoods across the globe.
admin | 2012-07-25 | 871.1 KB | details
Compte tenu des liens étroits entre le développement et l’adaptation au changement climatique, des réponses politiques et institutionnelles ont été prises par les pays de la sous-région avec l’adoption des Programmes d’action nationaux sur l’adaptation (PANA), qui identifient des domains d’action prioritaires pour réduire la vulnérabilité des pays et accroître leurs capacités d’adaptation. Les organisations d’intégration régionale – la CEDEAO et l’Union économique et monétaire Ouest-Africaine – souhaitent s’impliquer davantage dans ce domaine.
admin | 2012-07-13 | 597.3 KB | details
As adaptation to climate change becomes the focus of increasing attention and the target of significant spending, there is a growing need for frameworks and tools that enable organisations to track and assess the outcomes of adaptation interventions. This paper presents a coherent framework for climate change adaptation programming, including potential indicators, or indicator categories/types, for tracking and evaluating the success of adaptation support and adaptation interventions. The paper begins with a discussion of some of the key issues related to the evaluation of adaptation, and outlines some of the main difficulties and constraints with respect to the development of adaptation indicators. Next, an evaluation framework is proposed and indicator categories or “domains” are identified. Lastly, key conclusions are provided and a theory of change is outlined that shows how development and use of the framework could lead to more effective adaptation investments for climate resilient development.
Participatory Monitoring, Evaluation, Reflection & Learning (PMERL) for Community-based Adaptation: A Manual for Local Practitioners
admin | 2012-06-28 | 1.9 MB | details
Participatory Monitoring, Evaluation, Reflection & Learning (PMERL) for Community-based Adaptation: A Manual for Local Practitioners
Developed by CARE in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
The PMERL Manual supports a methodology that can help measure, monitor and evaluate changes in local adaptive capacity within vulnerable communities for better decision-making on Community-based Adaptation (CBA). By presenting a participatory methodology for developing and monitoring against CBA indicators, it provides a new platform for local stakeholders to articulate their own needs, which is a fundamental part of building and strengthening adaptive capacity. The PMERL methodology also responds to the need for continuous feedback and joint learning and communication in order for CBA to be flexible in light of the challenge of uncertainty. When monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is carried out in a participatory fashion it enables an ongoing dialogue with and within communities as part of the promoted continuous learning and reflection process.
Tine Rossing, Global Climate Adaptation Coordinator
CARE’s Poverty, Environment and Climate Change Network (PECCN)
admin | 2012-05-10 | 520.2 KB | details
On December 05, 2011 in Burkina Faso a Meet and Greet was conducted alongside with the seminar organized by Terre et Humanisme, on the theme "Seed autonomy and the preservation of traditional varieties," and aims to:
1. Introduce AfricaAdapt to the 45 participants from 22 NGOs and associations of 5 countries, and the benefits to join the network.
2. Have the understanding of participants on GMOs and local seeds, etc.
The Meet and Greet have finally allowed the network to:
-get in touch with the actors that are difficult to access, and get their opinion and stance on the critical issue of GMOs
-Capitalize the experiences of the seminar by launching a broad consultation, through a forum of discussion on the issue of GMOs.
-Strengthen the capacity of these target actors, through training workshops organized by themselves.
View full report http://bit.ly/J2Y6th
admin | 2012-04-11 | 140.5 KB | details
As climate change impacts become evident around the world, many communities and countries are beginning to take actions to adapt to the adverse effects. Some of the most proactive actors are the vulnerable communities themselves, both in developed as well as developing countries. This area of adaptation has come to be termed as Community Based Adaptation (CBA) and has grown rapidly over the last few years from a few dozen communities in a few developing countries to many hundred communities in dozens of countries, including some developed countries.
admin | 2012-03-05 | 744.9 KB | details
Identifying where international development aid resources have been effectively deployed is critical to addressing climate change vulnerability and building adaptive capacity in Africa. The CCAPS Program has partnered with the Ministry of Finance of Malawi, Development Gateway, and AidData to map adaptation aid in Malawi. Geocoding adaptation aid will help Malawi and its aid donors to coordinate their efforts, inform the public of their activities, and better assess how well adaptation projects target the particular climate vulnerabilities of the country. Ultimately, mapping aid provides a new tool to discern if adaptation aid effectively targets the regions where climate change poses a significant risk to the sustainable development and political stability of a country. The end product of this work is a comprehensive dataset and dynamic maps to inform policymaking.
admin | 2012-02-14 | 685.6 KB | details
In Maradi district (Niger), more than 80% of the population is composed of farmers practicing a rain fed agriculture. However, because of climate variability and changes, rainfall has become uncertain, either coming too early, too late, too much or too little. On the other hand, seasons are becoming shorter and annual temperatures more extreme. During previous field visit and survey in January 2007 among Maradi district communities (Tibiri, Maradawa and Gabi), an alarming report stated the following: over 50% of interviewed farmers said that they entirely consume their harvest just after three months! During the remaining nine months in the year and before the next harvest, these communities used to develop small irrigation and income generating activities from fruit and vegetables they produced. But, because of climate variability and change, these farmers are facing a tremendous challenge in fetching surface and ground water for irrigation. As a result, any adaptation strategy via irrigation became so costly (mainly because of high oil prices and difficult access to energy services) that it is out of many small farmers’ reach. In order to ensure their food security, these communities generally settle for some coping mechanisms including social networking, solidarity and alternative livelihoods, small-scale irrigation or migration. However, irrigation has become less productive because of water scarcity and higher minimum annual temperatures. The only one river (Goulbi) flowing across Maradi city and which use to flow for at least six months after the raining season, is now flowing for only one to two months because reduction in annual regional rainfall and also because of a dam1 set upstream in Nigeria a neighbouring country of Niger. Combination of all these stressors makes Maradi district frequently exposed to food insecurity. In this case, communities tend to implement several coping mechanisms to ensure their food security. This paper attempts to understand these coping mechanisms so as to inform policy and decision makers at all levels in the exploration of ways and means of adding value on some of these coping mechanisms to transform them into adaptation. Because of the trans-boundary linkages that it implies, this paper shows that adaptation to climate change should no longer be considered only as a local but multi scale, multi level process.
Key words: food security, adaptation, coping mechanism, social capital, and policy process
admin | 2012-02-09 | 709.3 KB | details
In recent years, extreme climate events have negatively impacted many parts of the globe, but due to its already high vulnerability, Sub Saharan Africa has been the theatre for some of the early and more dramatic climate impacts. This has affected most significantly the livelihoods and health of the most deprived people. As observed in the countries concerned by this case study (Malawi, South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe), droughts, floods, extreme temperatures have caused successive crop failures, the drying up of water sources and the spread of malaria to locations where it was not endemic (Koelle et al 2010; Wakhungu et al 2010; Zvigadza et al 2010).
AMCEN guidebook Addressing Climate Change Challenges in Africa: A Practical Guide towards Sustainable Development
admin | 2012-02-08 | 14.2 MB | details
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, provided the vision and framework for the multilateral cooperation needed to achieve a sustainable future, particularly under a changing climate. Communities in Africa have developed various ways to cope with current climate variability, but these mechanisms may be insufficient to help communities adapt to future climate changes. Many African countries have assessed the effects of climate variability and climate change on their national economies. Based on their results, they have identified mitigation and adaptation measures in their National Communications, National Climate Change Strategies, National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs), Green Economy studies and other related studies, which provide opportunities for accelerating sustainable development in Africa. However, the implementation of these measures is constrained by inadequate financial, institutional and human capacities. Many stakeholders lack access to the skills, tools and information needed to make decisions on climate change.
This Guidebook aims to translate available climate science and current international climate policies into the tools for practical action in Africa, in the context of sustainable development. In this regard the guidebook focuses on the potential climate change impacts on key sectors in Africa and appropriate adaptation and mitigation options. It outlines the governance, technological, financial and capacity- building opportunities available to the continent to work effectively towards sustainable development. Experts and policymakers will be advised on where to look for additional information and tools to develop policies, programmes and plans to shape future sustainable development on the continent, under a changing climate.
admin | 2012-01-30 | 1.6 MB | details
CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH – TIME TO ACT - FACTS AND CONCLUSIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - Winfried Zacher
Rethinking support to Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change - The Role of Development Interventions - Mozambique, Uganda and Ethiopia
admin | 2012-01-30 | 3.2 MB | details
ODI researchers explore the role of development interventions in supporting adaptive capacity to climate change in Mozambique, Uganda and Ethiopia.
admin | 2010-12-05 | 154.5 KB | details
The deadline for submitting proposals for Symposium consideration is January 3rd 2011. Proposals should be submitted as an abstract – maximum 300 words. Please e-mail abstracts and/or questions by e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
admin | 2010-12-05 | 216.6 KB | details
A one page flyer to download. You can print off or email to let others know about the symposium.
Towards a characterisation of adaptive capacity: a framework for analysing adaptive capacity at the local level
josephinelofty | 2010-11-22 | 337.1 KB | details
Interest is growing in supporting vulnerable people and communities to adapt to the impacts of a changing climate, and there is a general assumption that there are close links between development and adaptation. Yet our understanding of the impacts that development interventions have on adaptive capacity at the local level remains limited. Most development interventions are not designed with a climate change ‘adaptation’ label, but it is likely that they influence communities’ capacity to adapt to changing shocks and trends – whether as a result of climate change or other pressures associated with development (see Jones et al., 2010). A framework for understanding and assessing adaptive capacity at the local level is needed to begin to understand how it can be supported through wider development processes at both local and national levels. Such a framework may in time serve as a platform to monitor progress, identify needs and allocate development resources to enhance a system’s ability to adapt to change.
wamuthoni | 2010-11-02 | 60.5 KB | details
As local communities in Kenya continue to depend on natural resources for their day to day activities, the resources will become depleted with time. The depletion will lead to other environmental disasters like drought. Tree Is Life's intervention is working with groups to seek other alternative sources of livelihood other than the non-renewable natural resources. I met a local women’s group that locally produces oil and soap from the sunflower plant. The group receives technical skills from the Tree Is Life Trust's field officer Mr. Simon on such innovative income generating activities. The group plants sunflower, squeezes oil out of the seeds, makes soap out of the oil and the seed residue is used to feed their group's poultry. The group is reaping the benefits of the project as they sell the produced oil and soap. It also operates a poultry farm. Tree Is Life trust also taught them on group formation and organization. The trust has also worked with many other groups on income generating by giving them training and small grants to support their projects. Other projects have included fish farming, bee keeping, the growing of fruits and working with environmental resource centers. This income generating activities lessen the dependence on the natural resources and acts as an alternative to the other incomes generated from the destruction of the resources like charcoal burning.
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-10-29 | 701.6 KB | details
This presentation was made during the closing session of the forum on Friday October 29th. It was complemented by an assessment of lessons learned by participants. It presents an initial set of conclusions drawn from the discussions regarding mechanisms that allow climate change adaptation to contribute to poverty alleviation and about recommendations to organisations that support or implement adaptation initiatives.
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-10-29 | 238.9 KB | details
This document presents the list of participants of the Learning Forum on Evaluating the Contribuion of Climate Change Adaptation to Poverty Reduction which took place in Dakar on October 25-29 2010. It also presents hyperlinks to the project abstract and objectives in the IDRIS+ database for represented projects. Ce document présente la liste des participants du forum d'apprentissage intitulé"Évaluer comment l'adaptation aux changements climatiques contribue à la réduction de la pauvreté" qui a pris place du 25 au 29 octobre 2010 à Dakar. On y trouve aussi des hyperliens menant à la base de données IDRIS+ présentant le résumé et aux objectifs des projets représentés.
Use of « contribution analysis » as an underlying methodology for this workshop (Powerpoint presentation)
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-10-26 | 2.2 MB | details
This resource groups two presentations made during the workshop. It presents the rationale and the proposed process for using contribution analysis as the underlying methodology for the workshop (Monday October 25). Il also presents the examples of causal diagrams presented on Tuesday October 26.
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-10-25 | 912.0 KB | details
This presentation was made during the opening session of the learning forum. It presents a short summary of the background paper, focusing on gaps in current knowledge and on working definitions. The background paper itself can be found in the resources of this page.
Background Paper for the CCAA learning Forum on Evaluating the Contribution of Climate Change Adaptation to Poverty Reduction
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-10-21 | 406.0 KB | details
This background paper presents the rationale for a CCAA learning forum on the linkages between adaptation and poverty reduction. It attempts to present the current state of knowledge about the nexus between climate change adaptation and poverty reduction, grounded in current methods of evaluating adaptation. Finally, it identifies gaps that the forum will address and the approaches to be used. This is a working paper that should evolve with the forum and with the inputs of participants.
moussa-na-abou | 2010-10-12 | 281.4 KB | details
This document is a power point presentation made during the 4th International Conference on Community Based Adaptation in Dar Es Salam - Tanzania. The document highlights some of the coping strategies undertaken by communities in Maradi (Niger) in the event of food insecurity caused by climate changes. Policy makers can then build any adaptation strategy on these existing coping mechanisms to insure involvement and appropriation by communities.
josephinelofty | 2010-10-01 | 288.5 KB | details
Consultation version of the Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance's Local Adaptive Capacity Framework
Concept note of the CCAA Learning Forum on Evaluating the Contribution of Climate Change Adaptation to Poverty Reduction
nathalie-beaulieu | 2010-09-22 | 318.8 KB | details
This note presents the background, the rational, the objectives and expected outputs of the forum.