Projects for Theme 'Agriculture, fisheries and food security'
Created by: annahickman1 | 2017-06-27 11:24
Associated Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN)
This working paper focuses on understanding the concept of ‘bankability’ in support of the development of quality ‘bankable’ project proposals – to assist countries’ access to international climate finance.
Created by: annahickman1 | 2017-06-16 13:25
Associated Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network
WORKING PAPER: Making governance work for water-energy-food nexus approaches
A new CDKN working paper by Andrew Scott of ODI explores the effectiveness of governing for the “water-energy-food nexus” of issues. The author looks at approaches that understand the links between sectors, recognise these in decision-making and promote integrated policy-making.
The concept of the water–energy–food (WEF) nexus has become widely used to help understand interdependencies among the three systems, and how they can be managed sustainably to meet growing demand. The water–energy–food nexus has especially been advocated to address conflicts among the sectors. However, governance in the water–energy–food nexus has not received much attention in the literature, particularly the institutions and politics governing the water–energy–food sectors.
This paper synthesises findings from CDKN-supported action research in this area. The paper draws from findings in Indonesia, Kenya and the Amazon Basin to show that the effectiveness of the horizontal (cross-sectoral) and vertical (between levels of government) coordination that is essential for a nexus approach is determined by institutional relationships, which can be influenced by political economy factors. The capacity of governing organisations to understand nexus links and to collaborate with each other is also critical.
The paper suggests that aiming for the ideal of comprehensiveness and integration in a nexus approach may be costly and impractical. Nevertheless, horizontal and vertical coordination are essential. Local-level decision-making will determine how trade-offs and synergies in the water–energy–food nexus are implemented. The capacities of local government organisations and decision-makers need to be strengthened to enhance their capacity to adopt nexus approaches and coordinate vertically.
Download the working paper here: Making governance work for water-energy-food nexus approaches
Created by: admin | 2016-02-17 07:55
Associated Organization: AU, FAO
The African Union Commission (AUC) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) have launched a €41 million ‘Action Against Desertification' project that aims to support six African countries - Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal - with the large-scale restoration of production landscapes affected by desertification and land degradation. The project is funded under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) programme of support to the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States.
QUANTIFYING LOCAL INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF AGRARIAN COMMUNITIES/SOCIETIES TO COMPLEMENT CLIMATOLOGICAL/ METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION.
Created by: ericngang | 2015-09-20 21:22
Associated Organization: Action Group on Governance and Environmental Management (AGGEM)
Climate change is a defining issue of our era, with its impacts reaching global, regional and local scales. The current magnitude and variability have critical implications for agriculture, fisheries, forestry, life histories, community composition, and ecosystem function across most developing countries. Households and families in countries of the African continent are among the most vulnerable to climate variability and extremes, given that only 5% of their cultivated land is irrigated and food production is dependent mainly on rain-fed agriculture. New agricultural technologies and scientific practices have been introduced to improve the capacity to adapt to climate change. Policies have emerged at different levels (local, national and sub-regional) that encourage the adoption of such practices, and new tools and financing mechanisms are being introduced to shield farmers from the impacts of climatic risks. However some of these actions have sidelined Local Indigenous Knowledge and Practices (LIKPs) that are currently recognised as making significant contribution to community adaptation and changing circumstances at household and community level. These traditional practices and strategies that constitute traditional science that have been linked to the observations of changes in climate and long-term extreme weather conditions, transferred from one decade to another and from generation to generation through a process of mutual and collective learning passed on orally and practically, have been grossly neglected policy research and discourse.
Created by: admin | 2015-06-24 09:23
Associated Organization: GFDRR, UN, EU
With technical support from the World Bank Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the UN and the EU, the Government of Malawi carried out a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) in the aftermath of the 2015 floods in Malawi, launching the findings on 18 June 2015, in Malawi. The assessment aimed to quantify the loss and damage from the floods, and estimate recovery and reconstruction costs. The assessment shows total loss and damage of US$335 million, while total recovery and reconstruction costs are approximately US$494 million.
Created by: admin | 2015-02-05 19:18
Associated Organization: FAO
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) is working with the Government of Malawi on a US$16 million plan to protect farmers from severe flooding, which has destroyed fields and homes, washed away animals and crops, and is threatening food security in the affected areas, including with disease outbreaks that could affect surviving livestock. Read more: http://climate-l.iisd.org/news/fao-malawi-to-protect-farmers-from-severe-flooding/
Created by: admin | 2015-01-29 23:28
Associated Organization: UNCCD
Summary: The inception meeting of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) Project, attended by 15 country delegates, took place from 14-16 January 2014 in Bonn, Germany. The project's objective is to contribute towards implementing the outcomes of the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD or Rio+20), by providing the UNCCD with empirical evidence on the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of the LDN goal.
Created by: admin | 2015-01-21 11:26
Associated Organization: IFAD
An International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)-supported project in Ethiopia is making progress in addressing land degradation. The 'Community-based Natural Resource Management Project,' located in the watershed of Lake Tana in the northwest of the country focuses on combating land degradation and promoting sustainable land management (SLM) to increase agricultural productivity, household food security, incomes and climate change resilience.
Read more: http://africasd.iisd.org/news/ifad-project-combats-land-degradation-in-ethiopia/
Created by: admin | 2015-01-20 14:17
Associated Organization: Thomson Reuters Foundation
Waithera, a poultry farmer, began looking for ways to keep her birds alive through the cold nights. Charcoal fires, her first choice, resulted in too many birds dying of carbon monoxide poisoning in their closed coop.
So, on the advice of other farmers, she turned to briquettes made of compressed waste materials from sugar and molasses production. The long-burning briquettes worked - even relieving her of the middle-of-the-night drudgery of trudging to the chicken house to stock up the charcoal fire.
Created by: admin | 2015-01-15 12:38
Associated Organization: CIFOR
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) has released an overview of the Forests and Climate Change in the Congo (FCCC) project, which aims to support the efforts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in capacity building and applied research to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, and thereby mitigate climate change.
Created by: admin | 2014-10-28 19:32
Associated Organization: IISD
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced a US$8 billion initiative to reduce poverty, boost economic growth and promote business activity across the Horn of Africa, during a visit to the region with global and regional leaders. The World Bank, African Development Bank (AfDB), Islamic Development Bank (IsDBG) and EU also made pledges to the Horn of Africa Initiative, which aims to enhance the regions's economic development and its food and water security, among other aims.
The leaders' visit began in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 27 October 2014. The Horn of Africa also includes Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. According to the UN, while the region has untapped natural resources and some of the world's fastest growing economies, many countries are experiencing poverty, unemployment and gender inequality and are vulnerable to corruption, drug trafficking, piracy and violence.
The Horn is also predicted to undergo “dramatic and lasting change” when oil production begins in Kenya, Uganda and possibly Ethiopia and Somalia, according to a Working Paper by the World Bank. The paper highlights “encouraging signs” of strong political will to solve development and security issues through cooperation and enhanced regional economic interdependence.
Created by: EACO | 2014-08-30 14:25
Associated Organization: Empower And Care Organization
Empowerment And Skills Development In Beekeeping For Vulnerable People of Rural Mukono - to empower rural vulnerable people with knowledge and skills in beekeeping, as a way of addressing rural poverty and general health issues and to provide them with a set of basic tools and support to help them get off the poverty trap.
The fundamental objectives of this project are threefold:
• To introduce beekeeping as a means of providing personal income for vulnerable people;
• The alleviation of poverty in rural areas of Uganda;
• The provision of an ongoing source of local income for EACO.
Needs assessments based on socio-economic backgrounds (situation analysis) EACO interventions focus on poverty reduction and address the effects of HIV/AIDS. A majority of vulnerable women, particularly widows and those living with HIV/AIDS, as well as vulnerable children, youth, and the elderly in this area, located at Bugoye in Ntenjeru sub county, have limited to no opportunities to participate in decisions concerning their wellbeing because of their vulnerability (usually poverty and gender) or their age. As a result of the lack of sources of income, they are unable to meet their most basic needs.A lack of professional skills is a leading obstacle to development in rural Mukono Communities and it hinders the population from actively improving their lives sustainably, especially at community levels. The overall agricultural productivity development rate in Mukono District is still very low and varies depending on the Sub-county geographical locations. The average poverty rate in the District is at 40% whereby the discrepancy of poverty rates between the two axes, abject poverty is commonly experienced in the rural areas and relative poverty in urban areas and thus making poverty a social problem which derives its origin or is directly linked to low household productive skills and lack of resources for production.
• Target population and number of beneficiaries To introduce 200 people, mostly women, to beekeeping and achieve a 40% adoption rate in the first year of operation.
• Requested items (outputs), together with expected outcomes and other impacts through the project
1. A well understood whole industry approach looking at all areas of the industry;
2. A noteworthy increase in honey production and honey beehive numbers within two to three years;
3. Individuals/families/communities generating income from the keeping/farming of honey bees;
4. An increase in the community baseline knowledge and skills in apiculture; and
5. On-going industry support and development.
This Project is designed to provide education, leadership training, and sustainable income generating opportunities specifically for vulnerable people and their families who are affected by poverty and HIV/AIDS in rural Mukono County by ensuring self-sustainability of EACO beneficiaries and guaranteeing that they are in a position to meet their basic needs (i.e. food, water, shelter) and support their school dues like school fees and medical treatment. Thus, by definition, the successful project outcome is that participants will be able to carry on the activities without further assistance.
Created by: email@example.com | 2014-08-28 23:49
Associated Organization: World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has been in operation since 1961. This represents 50 years of action in conservation. In the last 50 years, WWF has evolved from an organisation that started in the North to a global organisation with an evolved philosophy and organizational mandate. WWF today operates in over 100 countries. WWF is driven by a conviction to build a future in which people live in harmony with nature.
WWF has been engaged in conservation activities in East Africa on various fronts. The Lake Victoria Catchment Environmental Education Programme (LVCEEP) is one of those conservation efforts that were initiated in 2004. This programme was initiated at the backdrop of increased environmental challenges facing the lake in the last decade. These environmental challenges include among others: increased erosion and siltation of the lake, biodiversity loss, invasive species invasion (water hyacinth), and pollution leading to frequency of algae blooms, habitat change and destruction. Some studies have indicated that fish species diversity and richness in the lake has declined by up to 80% in respect to indigenous fish species while forest cover around the lake has drastically declined by over 70 percent. Municipal wastes and various industrial and mining operations within and around the lake also continue to put pressure on the lake and lake resources. Such challenges inspired the inception of the LVCEEP.
The LVCEEP is coordinated by the WWF-Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Programme Office (ESARPO). This programme seeks to empower the catchment communities, schools and regional partners with knowledge, motivation and abilities for sustainable use and management of natural resources. The LVCEEP is implemented through a range of environmental education activities in model schools and communities bordering the lake. LVCEEP not only seeks to promote the conservation of Lake Victoria catchment but also bring about improved and sustainable livelihoods in the communities within the Lake Victoria catchment. These actions are meant to fulfill the LVCEEP goal that seeks to secure the ecological integrity and sustainability of the Lake Victoria catchment for the benefit of its inhabitants and biological diversity.
Created by: admin | 2014-07-30 14:29
Associated Organization: CDKN
The intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has produced the most comprehensive assessment of climate change ever. The Fifth Assessment Report (htpp://www.ipcc.ch), which IPCC is releasing in four parts between September 2013 and November 2014, is the work of 830 expert authors, from 85 countries. Its first three vomumes already strech to 5,000+ pages.
The assessment reviews the scientific evidence on the trends and causes of climate change, the risks to human and natural systems, and options for adaptation and mitigation. The IPCC aims to be – in its own words – “policy relevant but not policy prescriptive”. Its findings further our understanding of humankind’s interaction with our environment: how we are affecting the global climate and what we can do about it.
The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Africa? distils the richest material on climate impacts and trends in Africa, and African experiences in adaptation and mitigation, from the thousands of pages of the Fifth Assessment Report. The expert research team has worked under the guidance of IPCC Coordinating Lead Authors and Reviewers to ensure fidelity to the original material.
The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Africa? aims to make the IPCC’s important material more accessible and usable to African audiences. This guide responds to wide demand for region-specific information.
The guide is part of a suite of materials to promote the key findings of the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report. Forthcoming companion volumes will provide a digest of IPCC findings for: South Asia; Latin America; and Small Island Developing States. Please visit www.cdkn.org/ar5-toolkit from 16 July 2014, to access a range of resources, including free-to-use images and infographics.
The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report offers the following key messages for Africa:
· Africa’s climate is already changing and the impacts are already being felt
· Further climate change is inevitable in the coming decades
· Climate change poses challenges to growth and development in Africa
· Adaptation will bring immediate benefits and reduce the impacts of climate change in Africa
· Adaptation is fundamentally about risk management
· Adaptation experience in Africa is growing
· Some low-carbon development options may be less costly in the long run and could offer new economic opportunities for Africa
· Africa stands to benefit from integrated climate adaptation, mitigation and development approaches
· International cooperation is vital to avert dangerous climate change and African governments can promote ambitious global action.
Created by: admin | 2014-06-05 18:51
Associated Organization: FAO
June 2013: Successful adaptation to climate change requires a range of approaches, from addressing drivers of vulnerability to directly contending with climate change impacts, according to a report published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO). The report presents initial results from FAO projects initiated in Eastern Africa two years ago, highlighting an increase in farmers' resilience to climate variability, as well as enhanced food security.
The report, titled 'Adapting to Climate Change through Land and Water Management in Eastern Africa: Results of Pilot Projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania,' stems from an FAO project focused on helping countries adopt sustainable land and water management. The project tests resource-efficient and productive land-use management techniques, with a view to understanding the potential impact of a comprehensive set of sustainable agriculture and food security adaptation practices adopted at the community level.
The FAO project focused on four pillars: increasing soil health; water conservation; livelihood diversification; and strengthening local institutions among 15,000 households in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania. Part I of the report gives an overview of the lessons learned under each of these pillars, with special attention to specific country results. Scaling investment will be necessary to "ensure enhanced, more sustainable and more resilient management of an already declining resource base," according to the report, which underscores that policy and capacity development must place greater emphasis on land and water management for successful climate change adaptation.
Part I also identifies priorities for scaling up adoption of sustainable water and land management practices. These priorities include, inter alia: persuading farmers of the long-term benefits of soil and water conservation; integrating scientific and traditional knowledge; maintaining soil vegetative cover on cropland; building farmers' capacity to efficiently use fish pond water for irrigation; promoting sweet potato, sorghum, millet, early maturing cassava, banana and fish farming; catalyzing knowledge and experience sharing among farmers; and improving access to credit.
Part II of the report contains country case studies, with papers covering unique elements in each country, namely: water harvesting and flood resilience in Ethiopia; diversification of farmers' livelihoods in Kenya; and rice intensification, soil and water conservation, energy-saving stoves, participatory management and changing mindsets in Tanzania.
Created by: ENDA-Energy | 2014-04-08 14:13
Associated Organization: ENDA Energy, DEEC, EU
Enda Energie - Environnement - Développement organise avec le financement de l¹Union Européenne et l'appui de Direction de l¹Environnement et des Etablissement classées (DEEC), la caravane de lancement du projet Gestion Intégrée des Zones Côtières (GIZC), le samedi 18 janvier 2014 à partir de 9H30 simultanément dans les quatre zones suivantes: MBOUR - JOAL - SAINT LOUIS- MALIKA
Le projet de Gestion Intégrée préconise une approche intégrative et multidisciplinaire, dans un contexte de changement climatique et d¹aménagement du territoire.
Il vise également le renforcement de capacités et le développement de mécanismes de plaidoyer pour accompagner la mise en place du processus de GIZC dans les quatre zones ciblées.
Created by: admin | 2014-04-08 13:39
Associated Organization: Alliance of Religions and Conservation (ARC)
Muslims in sub-Saharan Africa, who farm some of the least fertile land on the continent, have developed a training manual to encourage more sustainable farming practices among millions of African Muslims facing a threat to their food security from climate change.
The manual explains the practical aspects of conservation agriculture, which aims to achieve profits for farmers and sustained levels of production while conserving the environment.
Created by: admin | 2014-04-08 13:28
Associated Organization: ILRI
Researchers in Kenya have developed a pioneering insurance policy for nomadic Muslim livestock herders, which has now delivered its first payout to 101 farmers to compensate them for drought losses.
The policy, which was purchased by about 4,000 pastoralists in Northern Kenya, was developed by the International Livestock Research Institute and commercially delivered by a company called Takaful Insurance of Africa. It draws on technology and ethical values to create a product aimed at increasing the resilience to drought of pastoralists in the region.
Created by: admin | 2014-02-27 14:46
Associated Organization: UN-REDD
21 February 2014: The UN Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation (UN-REDD) has released a case study on using spatial analysis to support REDD+ safeguard and multiple benefit decision making in Tanzania.
The study considers the links between REDD+ and biodiversity, ecosystem services, and land-use planning and supports decision making towards the achievement of Tanzania's REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan. The study also considers the priorities set out in the national REDD+ safeguards including the development of a safeguard information system (SIS). The publication also focuses on safeguard criterion for protecting natural forests, restoring natural forests, avoiding damage to biodiversity and ecosystem services and maintaining and conserving biodiversity values and ecosystem services.
Outputs from the study include maps outlining priority areas for REDD+ investments as well as potential REDD+ actions in identified areas. Maps feature wildlife corridors, the extent of threatened species, tree species richness, non-timber forest products, and forest benefits for preventing soil erosion. With regard to threats to forests and REDD+, the analysis maps population density, charcoal production, petroleum exploration and fire exposure.
Created by: admin | 2014-01-16 20:33
Associated Organization: ICRAF
To improve Africa's resilience to climate change, pests and disease, the African Plant Breeding Academy (APBA) has announced that it will train scientists and technicians to breed plants and trees that have previously received little scientific research attention because of their low market value. The APBA was established to boost the profile and production of "orphan crops," which are neglected but nutritious crops.
Created by: admin | 2014-01-16 20:26
Associated Organization: World Bank, GEF
The World Bank and Government of Sudan have signed a $7.74 million grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to support integrated landscape management for sustainable livelihoods.
Created by: admin | 2014-01-07 13:53
Associated Organization: GGWSSI, GM, UNCCD, EU
During a partnership forum for the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative (GGWSSI), the Global Mechanism (GM) of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) launched the Front Local Environnemental pour une Union VertE (Local Environmental Coalition for a Green Union) (FLEUVE) program. FLEUVE is funded by the EU and will aim to improve cooperation on and resources for sustainable land management across ten African countries.
The FLEUVE program will focus on local level planning and financing of sustainable development through a landscape approach in countries north and south of the Sahara. The initiative will include knowledge management, outreach and communications to raise awareness of the social and economic values of sustainable land management (SLM). FLEUVE is conducted in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and its programme on the GGWSSI. [Global Mechanism Press Release]
Created by: admin | 2014-01-07 13:13
Associated Organization: IFAD
As part of the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) endorsed an agricultural investment programme for concessional loans and grant financing for smallholder farmers to manage climate risks.
The new $88 million set of ASAP projects will benefit communities in Bolivia, Djibouti, Kyrgyzstan, Mali, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Rwanda, Viet Nam and Yemen.
ASAP works to empower community-based organizations to use climate risk management skills, information and technologies. Its programmes focus on blending 'no regrets' approaches to rural development with climate change adaptation innovations. [ASAP Website] [IFAD Press Release]
Created by: admin | 2013-12-19 20:13
Associated Organization: CCAFS/CGIAR
In an increasingly uncertain climate, farmers’ traditional knowledge on how to manage their farms may no longer be enough. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) research has shown that with the right training, climate information services can help farmers better understand, anticipate and manage the risks that a variable and changing climate brings to their livelihoods. Read more http://bit.ly/1fILF27
Created by: CHIESA_Communications | 2013-12-04 15:04
Associated Organization: International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), and Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland
Increasing Knowledge, Building Capacity and Developing Adaptation Strategies
The Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa (CHIESA) is a four-year research and development project aimed at increasing knowledge on the impacts of climate change on ecosystem services in the Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot (EABH). CHIESA is funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, and coordinated by the International Center of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe) in Nairobi, Kenya.
The project will help build the climate change adaptation capacity of East African research institutions, stakeholder organizations and decision-makers through research collaboration and training. Together with local communities, the project will develop, test and disseminate climate change adaptation tools, options and strategies at the farm level.
Research cannot be undertaken in a bubble, thus the importance placed on information sharing. Throughout its project cycle, CHIESA endeavors to engage likeminded individuals, organizations and research institutions in sharing research milestones, project results and any other relevant information in line with set objectives. That said, CHIESA welcomes your insight and interaction on all matters climate change and food security.