Knowledge Sharing for Climate Change Adaption

Project Overview

  • The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Africa?

    The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Africa?

    Created by: admin | 2014-07-30 14:29

    Associated Organization: CDKN


    The intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has produced the most comprehensive assessment of climate change ever. The Fifth Assessment Report (htpp://, which IPCC is releasing in four parts between September 2013 and November 2014, is the work of 830 expert authors, from 85 countries. Its first three vomumes already strech to 5,000+ pages.

    The assessment reviews the scientific evidence on the trends and causes of climate change, the risks to human and natural systems, and options for adaptation and mitigation. The IPCC aims to be – in its own words – “policy relevant but not policy prescriptive”. Its findings further our understanding of humankind’s interaction with our environment: how we are affecting the global climate and what we can do about it.


    Now the Climate and Development Knowledge Network ( and Overseas Development Institute ( have released a succinct guide to the assessment for decision-makers in Africa.


    The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Africa?  distils the richest material on climate impacts and trends in Africa, and African experiences in adaptation and mitigation, from the thousands of pages of the Fifth Assessment Report. The expert research team has worked under the guidance of IPCC Coordinating Lead Authors and Reviewers to ensure fidelity to the original material.


    The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Africa? aims to make the IPCC’s important material more accessible and usable to African audiences. This guide responds to wide demand for region-specific information.


    The guide is part of a suite of materials to promote the key findings of the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report. Forthcoming companion volumes will provide a digest of IPCC findings for: South Asia; Latin America; and Small Island Developing States. Please visit from 16 July 2014, to access a range of resources, including free-to-use images and infographics.


    The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report offers the following key messages for Africa:

    ·        Africa’s climate is already changing and the impacts are already being felt

    ·        Further climate change is inevitable in the coming decades

    ·        Climate change poses challenges to growth and development in Africa

    ·        Adaptation will bring immediate benefits and reduce the impacts of climate change in Africa

    ·        Adaptation is fundamentally about risk management

    ·        Adaptation experience in Africa is growing

    ·        Some low-carbon development options may be less costly in the long run and could offer new economic opportunities for Africa

    ·        Africa stands to benefit from integrated climate adaptation, mitigation and development approaches

    ·        International cooperation is vital to avert dangerous climate change and African governments can promote ambitious global action. 



  • FAO Reports Results of Pilot Adaptation Projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania

    FAO Reports Results of Pilot Adaptation Projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania

    Created by: admin | 2014-06-05 18:51

    Associated Organization: FAO


    June 2013: Successful adaptation to climate change requires a range of approaches, from addressing drivers of vulnerability to directly contending with climate change impacts, according to a report published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO). The report presents initial results from FAO projects initiated in Eastern Africa two years ago, highlighting an increase in farmers' resilience to climate variability, as well as enhanced food security.

    The report, titled 'Adapting to Climate Change through Land and Water Management in Eastern Africa: Results of Pilot Projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania,' stems from an FAO project focused on helping countries adopt sustainable land and water management. The project tests resource-efficient and productive land-use management techniques, with a view to understanding the potential impact of a comprehensive set of sustainable agriculture and food security adaptation practices adopted at the community level.

    The FAO project focused on four pillars: increasing soil health; water conservation; livelihood diversification; and strengthening local institutions among 15,000 households in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania. Part I of the report gives an overview of the lessons learned under each of these pillars, with special attention to specific country results. Scaling investment will be necessary to "ensure enhanced, more sustainable and more resilient management of an already declining resource base," according to the report, which underscores that policy and capacity development must place greater emphasis on land and water management for successful climate change adaptation.

    Part I also identifies priorities for scaling up adoption of sustainable water and land management practices. These priorities include, inter alia: persuading farmers of the long-term benefits of soil and water conservation; integrating scientific and traditional knowledge; maintaining soil vegetative cover on cropland; building farmers' capacity to efficiently use fish pond water for irrigation; promoting sweet potato, sorghum, millet, early maturing cassava, banana and fish farming; catalyzing knowledge and experience sharing among farmers; and improving access to credit.

    Part II of the report contains country case studies, with papers covering unique elements in each country, namely: water harvesting and flood resilience in Ethiopia; diversification of farmers' livelihoods in Kenya; and rice intensification, soil and water conservation, energy-saving stoves, participatory management and changing mindsets in Tanzania.

    Source: IISD

  • Exploring the role of climate science in supporting long-term adaptation and decision-making in sub-Saharan Africa

    Exploring the role of climate science in supporting long-term adaptation and decision-making in sub-Saharan Africa

    Created by: admin | 2014-06-04 14:03

    Associated Organization: CDKN


    By Lindsey Jones, Elizabeth Carabine, Anna Hickman, Lara Langston, Shehnaaz Moosa and Ronald Mukanya

    Africa faces considerable challenges in adapting to the long-term impacts of climate change. Policy-makers not only have to contend with projected changes to the region’s climate, but also high vulnerability to existing climate variability and low levels of adaptive capacity in many countries and communities.

    Ensuring that policy-makers are able to respond to the medium- and long-term implications of climate change is important in promoting climate-resilient development. Despite the uncertainties that are associated with it, climate science can support planners in making informed decisions on future investments aimed at optimising the use of scarce resources available to them. Yet there is a lack of evidence for – and detailed understanding of – gaps in the uptake of science for long-term strategies for climate-resilient development, particularly for sub-Saharan Africa.

    In helping to overcome these barriers, the CDKN report Exploring the role of climate science in supporting long-term adaptation and decision-making in sub-Saharan Africa brings together information from two sources:

    1. a review of articles and ‘grey’ (unpublished) literature on knowledge gaps and areas needed to support the capacity of African decision-makers
    2. two regional activities: a workshop in London that brought together UK- and Africa-based experts working on climate science and adaptation in Africa; and a side-event to the Africa Climate Change Conference 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania, that gathered together regional scientists and practitioners, and consolidated gaps and priority activities for enhancing the uptake of science in decision-making.

    The report is intended to identify key gaps in science and capacity to feed into the scoping phase of the Future Climate For Africa (FCFA) programme. This initiative seeks to advance the scientific understanding of the sub-Saharan African climate on decadal timescales and, working with African stakeholders, use this science to inform long-term climate-resilient development strategies.

    Download the full report Exploring the role of climate science in supporting long-term adaptation and decision-making in sub-Saharan Africa on the right.

    FCFA contact: Lindsey Jones

    by: CDKN Global

  • A local vision of climate adaptation – Participatory urban planning in Mozambique

    A local vision of climate adaptation – Participatory urban planning in Mozambique

    Created by: admin | 2014-06-04 13:57

    Associated Organization: CDKN


    With an estimated population of 1.1 million, Maputo is the most densely populated city in Mozambique. The city is sharply divided into two areas: ’the cement city’, or the old colonial centre with paved roads and high-rise buildings, and the bairros – largely underserved, congested areas that house the majority of the city’s population. Situated on the Indian Ocean, the city is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts such as cyclones, flooding and sea level rise. Poverty and inequality, which are concentrated in the bairros, further exacerbate climate change vulnerabilities in the city.

    This new report, A local vision of climate adaptation: Participatory urban planning in Mozambique by Vanesa Castán Broto of University College London,
 Emily Boyd of the University of Reading, Jonathan Ensor of the University of York, Domingos Augusto Macucule of the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane and Charlotte Allen, an independent consultant, looks at the outcomes of the project, Public Private People Partnerships for Climate Compatible Development (4PCCD). It ran from 2011 to 2013 and asked: can local views be represented fairly in national and municipal planning processes through a partnership approach? Answering this question required: i) understanding what makes a successful partnership among relevant actors; ii) providing a platform to support such a partnership; iii) developing formal outputs, such as local development and climate change action plans; and iv) disseminating the lessons widely to bring new partners into the process. By experimenting with different forms of participatory planning, 4PCCD aimed to identify local priorities for climate-related action, along with the key actors and resources needed to make it happen.

    Key messages from the report:

    • The Public Private People Partnerships for Climate Compatible Development (4PCCD) project
 used an urban planning tool that recognises the capacity of citizens living in informal settlements in Maputo, Mozambique, to develop 
a vision for the future of their neighbourhood in a changing climate.
    • A participatory planning process empowered citizens to develop a collective vision and present it to government institutions and private firms in Maputo.
    • 4PCCD also created opportunities for dialogue among government institutions, businesses and communities, both in informal meetings and public forums.
    • The project showed that municipalities can speed up climate policy development by inviting local communities to share their experiences and knowledge.
    • The project also highlighted that participatory planning needs sufficient allocation of time and money in order to undertake meaningful community consultation and a detailed scientific assessment of climate impacts.

    Download the full report: A local vision of climate adaptation: Participatory urban planning in Mozambique.

    This report is one of CDKN’s Inside stories on climate compatible development.

    It was produced by CDKN’s project partners as part of the CDKN-ICLEI project on Subnational climate compatible development: learning from CDKN’s experience.

    by: CDKN

  • Strengthening climate resilience in African cities – A framework for working with informality

    Strengthening climate resilience in African cities – A framework for working with informality

    Created by: admin | 2014-06-04 13:49

    Associated Organization: CDKN, ACC


    What opportunities and challenges does climate compatible development present in the context of rapidly growing cities across the African continent, where two key features are widespread: informality and deeply entrenched inequality? Informality comes in many forms, including settlement on unplanned land without public services and bulk infrastructure; unregistered housing construction and transfer; informal and insecure jobs; and unregulated trade and service provision.

    In the light of the threats posed by changing climatic conditions and the prevailing realities of economic and political disempowerment, how might we go about grounding and working with the idea of climate compatible development so that we can envision and build new urban futures in cities across Africa that are vibrant, inclusive and sustainable?

    These are the questions explored in a new report by the African Centre for Cities and CDKN: Strengthening climate resilience in African cities – A framework for working with informality by Anna Taylor and Camaren Peter (African Centre for Cities).

    This document is intended mainly for use by city practitioners operating in local government agencies and civic organisations. It distils a set of eight principles for engaging in such development work, and suggests an eight-step process as a guide for undertaking climate compatible development in African cities that factors in climate dynamics alongside the socioeconomic, spatial and political dimensions of development.

    The eight steps for climate compatible development in African cities are:

    1:  Develop a vision for alternative city futures and development pathways;

    2:  Map multi-scale climate sensitive linkages to the informal sector;

    3:  Assess current local climate vulnerabilities with slum dwellers;

    4:  Consider future vulnerability using climate projections;

    5:  Identify options and leverage points and opportunities for adaptation;

    6:  Assess mitigation co-benefits;

    7:  Prioritise implementation of adaptation options;

    8:  Establish mechanisms for tracking, learning and adjustment.

    The proposed model and framework for climate compatible development in African cities is based on a review of relevant literature, stakeholder interviews and site visits in Accra (Ghana), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), and Kampala (Uganda), and two expert workshops hosted in Cape Town (South Africa). It reflects the current state of CDKN and ACC’s thinking and will form a basis for ongoing collaboration and learning between CDKN, ACC and their counterparts in various African cities. The authors are interested in how this framework might be applied and adapted in designing, planning, tracking, revising and scaling up climate compatible development interventions; and they invite readers to share their views, experiences and examples to help shape the framework in the future.

    by: CDKN Global

  • Future Climate for Africa (FCFA)

    Future Climate for Africa (FCFA)

    Created by: admin | 2014-04-12 17:01

    Associated Organization: DFID, NERC


    Future Climate for Africa (FCFA), is a new five-year international research programme jointly funded by the UK's Department for International Development (DFID) and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). The Programme will support research to better understand climate variability and change across sub-Saharan Africa. Its focus will be on advancing scientific knowledge, understanding and prediction of African climate variability and change on 5 to 40 year timescales, together with support for better integration of science into longer-term decision making, leading to improved climate risk management and the protection of lives and livelihoods. Read more

  • GIZC - Communautés des Pratiques/Community of Practice

    GIZC - Communautés des Pratiques/Community of Practice

    Created by: ENDA-Energy | 2014-04-08 14:13

    Associated Organization: ENDA Energy, DEEC, EU


    Enda Energie - Environnement - Développement organise avec le financement de l¹Union Européenne et l'appui de Direction de l¹Environnement et des Etablissement classées (DEEC), la caravane de lancement du projet Gestion Intégrée des Zones Côtières (GIZC), le samedi 18 janvier 2014 à partir de 9H30 simultanément dans les quatre zones suivantes: MBOUR - JOAL - SAINT LOUIS- MALIKA

    Le projet de Gestion Intégrée préconise une approche intégrative et multidisciplinaire, dans un contexte de changement climatique et d¹aménagement du territoire.

    Il vise également le renforcement de capacités et le développement de mécanismes de plaidoyer pour accompagner la mise en place du processus de GIZC dans les quatre zones ciblées.

  • New manual helps Africa's Muslim farmers tackle climate change

    New manual helps Africa's Muslim farmers tackle climate change

    Created by: admin | 2014-04-08 13:39

    Associated Organization: Alliance of Religions and Conservation (ARC)


    Muslims in sub-Saharan Africa, who farm some of the least fertile land on the continent, have developed a training manual to encourage more sustainable farming practices among millions of African Muslims facing a threat to their food security from climate change.

    The manual explains the practical aspects of conservation agriculture, which aims to achieve profits for farmers and sustained levels of production while conserving the environment.

    Read more

  • Insurance designed for Muslim herders makes first payout in Kenya

    Insurance designed for Muslim herders makes first payout in Kenya

    Created by: admin | 2014-04-08 13:28

    Associated Organization: ILRI


    Researchers in Kenya have developed a pioneering insurance policy for nomadic Muslim livestock herders, which has now delivered its first payout to 101 farmers to compensate them for drought losses.

    The policy, which was purchased by about 4,000 pastoralists in Northern Kenya, was developed by the International Livestock Research Institute and commercially delivered by a company called Takaful Insurance of Africa. It draws on technology and ethical values to create a product aimed at increasing the resilience to drought of pastoralists in the region.

    Read more

  • UN-REDD Presents a Case Study on Spatial Analysis and REDD+ in Tanzania

    UN-REDD Presents a Case Study on Spatial Analysis and REDD+ in Tanzania

    Created by: admin | 2014-02-27 14:46

    Associated Organization: UN-REDD


    21 February 2014: The UN Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation (UN-REDD) has released a case study on using spatial analysis to support REDD+ safeguard and multiple benefit decision making in Tanzania.

    The study considers the links between REDD+ and biodiversity, ecosystem services, and land-use planning and supports decision making towards the achievement of Tanzania's REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan. The study also considers the priorities set out in the national REDD+ safeguards including the development of a safeguard information system (SIS). The publication also focuses on safeguard criterion for protecting natural forests, restoring natural forests, avoiding damage to biodiversity and ecosystem services and maintaining and conserving biodiversity values and ecosystem services.

    Outputs from the study include maps outlining priority areas for REDD+ investments as well as potential REDD+ actions in identified areas. Maps feature wildlife corridors, the extent of threatened species, tree species richness, non-timber forest products, and forest benefits for preventing soil erosion. With regard to threats to forests and REDD+, the analysis maps population density, charcoal production, petroleum exploration and fire exposure.

    read more:

  • New Plant Breeding Academy to Improve Food Security in Africa

    New Plant Breeding Academy to Improve Food Security in Africa

    Created by: admin | 2014-01-16 20:33

    Associated Organization: ICRAF


    To improve Africa's resilience to climate change, pests and disease, the African Plant Breeding Academy (APBA) has announced that it will train scientists and technicians to breed plants and trees that have previously received little scientific research attention because of their low market value. The APBA was established to boost the profile and production of "orphan crops," which are neglected but nutritious crops.

  • World Bank, GEF Support Land and Water Management in Sudan

    World Bank, GEF Support Land and Water Management in Sudan

    Created by: admin | 2014-01-16 20:26

    Associated Organization: World Bank, GEF


    The World Bank and Government of Sudan have signed a $7.74 million grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to support integrated landscape management for sustainable livelihoods.

  • Global Mechanism Launches SLM Project for Ten African Countries

    Global Mechanism Launches SLM Project for Ten African Countries

    Created by: admin | 2014-01-07 13:53

    Associated Organization: GGWSSI, GM, UNCCD, EU


    During a partnership forum for the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative (GGWSSI), the Global Mechanism (GM) of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) launched the Front Local Environnemental pour une Union VertE (Local Environmental Coalition for a Green Union) (FLEUVE) program. FLEUVE is funded by the EU and will aim to improve cooperation on and resources for sustainable land management across ten African countries.

    The FLEUVE program will focus on local level planning and financing of sustainable development through a landscape approach in countries north and south of the Sahara. The initiative will include knowledge management, outreach and communications to raise awareness of the social and economic values of sustainable land management (SLM). FLEUVE is conducted in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and its programme on the GGWSSI. [Global Mechanism Press Release]

    read more:

  • US$30 million REDD+ Project in Burkina Faso

    US$30 million REDD+ Project in Burkina Faso

    Created by: admin | 2014-01-07 13:40

    Associated Organization: AFDB


    The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) has announced the admittance of Burkina Faso as a REDD+ funding eligible country. The announcement was accompanied by US$3.8 million in funding to develop and begin implementation of a national REDD+ strategy.

    With support from the Forestry Investment Program (FIP) and FCPF, Burkina Faso has identified a number of priority issues for REDD+ readiness including land use planning, improved security of land tenure, the sustainable management of agriculture, silviculture and pastoral systems, and the harmonization of natural resource policies and strengthening of governance. Overall, the national REDD+ strategy aims to improve forest management in Burkina Faso, where 43 percent of the terrestrial area is forested. In particular, the investment is intended to reduce, or halt the current rate of deforestation (over 100,000 hectares per year) and forest degradation (500,000 hectares per year).

    The FCPF announcement follows a US$30 million previously awarded through the African Development Bank (AfDB) Climate Investment Funds to Burkina Faso with approval of its Forest Investment Plan. The development of the plan was supported by the AfDB and the World Bank. [AfDB Press Release]

    read more:


  • Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP)

    Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP)

    Created by: admin | 2014-01-07 13:13

    Associated Organization: IFAD


    As part of the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) endorsed an agricultural investment programme for concessional loans and grant financing for smallholder farmers to manage climate risks.

    The new $88 million set of ASAP projects will benefit communities in Bolivia, Djibouti, Kyrgyzstan, Mali, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Rwanda, Viet Nam and Yemen.

    ASAP works to empower community-based organizations to use climate risk management skills, information and technologies. Its programmes focus on blending 'no regrets' approaches to rural development with climate change adaptation innovations. [ASAP Website] [IFAD Press Release]

    read more:

  • Strengthening availability and use of climate services in Africa

    Strengthening availability and use of climate services in Africa

    Created by: admin | 2013-12-19 20:13

    Associated Organization: CCAFS/CGIAR


    In an increasingly uncertain climate, farmers’ traditional knowledge on how to manage their farms may no longer be enough. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) research has shown that with the right training, climate information services can help farmers better understand, anticipate and manage the risks that a variable and changing climate brings to their livelihoods.  Read more



  • Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa - CHIESA

    Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa - CHIESA

    Created by: CHIESA_Communications | 2013-12-04 15:04

    Associated Organization: International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), and Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland


    Increasing Knowledge, Building Capacity and Developing Adaptation Strategies

    The Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa (CHIESA) is a four-year research and development project aimed at increasing knowledge on the impacts of climate change on ecosystem services in the Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot (EABH). CHIESA is funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, and coordinated by the International Center of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe) in Nairobi, Kenya.

    The project will help build the climate change adaptation capacity of East African research institutions, stakeholder organizations and decision-makers through research collaboration and training. Together with local communities, the project will develop, test and disseminate climate change adaptation tools, options and strategies at the farm level.

    Research cannot be undertaken in a bubble, thus the importance placed on information sharing. Throughout its project cycle, CHIESA endeavors to engage likeminded individuals, organizations and research institutions in sharing research milestones, project results and any other relevant information in line with set objectives. That said,  CHIESA welcomes your insight and interaction on all matters climate change and food security. 

  • Kenya's smallholder farmers use grain stores to raise bank loans

    Kenya's smallholder farmers use grain stores to raise bank loans

    Created by: admin | 2013-11-19 15:08

    Associated Organization: Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC), Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)


    An innovative Kenyan scheme enables small farmers to store their produce in certified warehouses and use it to obtain credit from banks, avoiding middlemen who paid them rock-bottom prices and enabling them to buy good seeds and fertiliser and raise their yields.


    Read more

  • Volunteer Uganda

    Volunteer Uganda

    Created by: beaconyouths | 2013-11-18 17:16

    Associated Organization: Beacon of Hope Uganda


    Beacon of Hope Uganda designs and conducts programs which contribute to the welfare and social productivity of disadvantaged individuals and communities with an emphasis on children and youth. BoHU addresses some of the most pervasive problems in rural Uganda, including HIV/AIDS, malaria, hunger, education, poverty, access to clean drinking water, and orphaned children. In addition, it focusses on empowering the youth of Uganda empowering them with different skills and leadership training.

    BoHU is founded on the principles that our shared values and commonalities as human beings are more important than our individual differences. We therefore operate on a non-political, non-denominational, and non-sectarian basis, welcoming all world citizens to contribute to our work and every Ugandan in need.

    BoHU reaches out to the furthest and most abandoned communities in the rural areas of Uganda including its islands. Amongst these are the Bevuma islands which are hard to reach and under –  served by the government and Ugandan NGO’s. Through educating Ugandans on diseases awareness & prevention, and fostering the creation of self sustaining projects run by the local community, BoHU aims to achieve its mission.

    A number of short term and long term goals have been established so far and now we are in position to attract volunteers for short-term (7 days to 2 months) and long-term volunteers (3 months to 6 months).

    Mission: Helping people to help themselves out of poverty and create (financial) independence amongst our beneficiaries through effective community education and the development of projects, creating a self-supporting, self-sustaining community in a rapidly changing world.

    Vision: Providing resources  to achieve sustainable development in under-resourced areas and for BoHU to become a self-sustaining non-government organization in its efforts in Uganda.

    BoHU is a movement dedicated to supporting quality sustainable development in targeted under-resourced communities, with programs in Uganda.

    We are committed to helping individuals fulfill their potential and play meaningful roles in shaping their communities.

    The focus of our programs is on providing resources for sustainable development in under-resourced communities. In order to uplift the youngest of our society however, it is often necessary to first assist adults and overall communities in which they live. Past and/or ongoing projects conducted in the general community include feeding the destitute, outreach, counseling, and assistance to people living with HIV/AIDS and other illnesses which affect their health, life expectancy as well as their social and economical position in society and counseling. Other programs BoHu runs are focusing on giving immediate assistance to individuals who have been raped or defiled and the building of village wells, schools and establishment of health centers. Furthermore BoHu offers assistance with women’s craft groups, and ongoing assistance with an organic community garden and youth skills training enhancing their development, social and economical opportunities.

  • ESMAP Assists Tanzania’s Rural Energy Agency in Gender Strategy Development and Rollout

    ESMAP Assists Tanzania’s Rural Energy Agency in Gender Strategy Development and Rollout

    Created by: admin | 2013-11-08 14:54

    Associated Organization: ESMAP


    The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) of the World Bank has helped Tanzania's Rural Energy Agency (REA) in developing its gender strategy and accompanying indicators, checklists and guidelines for integration of gender into its activities.

    Less than 15 percent of Tanzania has access to modern energy services. The REA was set up in 2007 to assist in bringing energy to Tanzania's rural populations, but has lacked a systematic approach and understanding of the particular energy use and access needs of women and men, and how energy programmes might impact them differently.