AfriCAN Climate, AfricaAdapt Hold Workshop on Agriculture, Climate Change and CSR (25-27 April 013), Dakar
Associated Organization: ENDA
The debate on Climate Change and Agriculture is crucial with regards to Africa's development and to the prosperity of its people. In fact, the continent is particularly vulnerable to Climate Change given the levels of poverty that characterize it.
Climate Change in Africa materializes itself particularly through prolonged periods of drought, which seriously affect the agricultural sector. Consequently, this results in the degradation of soil quality, higher temperatures, desert encroachment, frequent sandstorms, declining water resources, falling yields in agricultural productivity, proliferation of insects, threats to food security and increased poverty on the continent.
Themes: Agriculture, fisheries and food security, Climate Science, Crosscutting Issues, Energy, Forestry, Gender, International climate negotiations, Poverty and vulnerability, Water
Countries: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Congo, DRC, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zimbabwe
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The negative impact of Climate Change on Agriculture is exacerbated by the lack of adaptation strategies due to institutional constraints, lack of financial and economic capacity as well as the lack of appropriate awareness and sharing of targeted knowledge of research results and best practices for both adaptation and mitigation.
According to a report by the World Bank (2009) Agriculture sector employs 65 percent of the African workforce and accounts for 32 percent of the Gross National Product of countries.
However, according to a study by the International Food Policy Research Institute (2009), simulations show that by 2050, average yields of rice, wheat and maize will decrease respectively by 14 percent, 22 percent and 5 percent in sub-Saharan Africa and the number of undernourished people will increase by 10 million, due to the adverse effects of climate change.
These figures call on the stakeholders to act together. If researchers give their contribution through the results of research and men of culture through their fame to raise awareness and mobilize the masses, private companies will act on the basis of their corporate social responsibility, often defined as a concept in which "organizations integrate social, environmental and economic dimensions in their operations and in their interaction with stakeholders on a voluntary basis. "The 2013 edition of "Knowledge, Culture and Sustainable Development" initiatives launched by ENDA Energy is an innovative approach based on participation and sharing in order to strengthen the social responsibility of all stakeholders for a global sustainable development objective.
Africa's response to Climate Change is dependent on adequate communication of research results towards different stakeholders in order to translate them into concrete actions in terms of policy formulation and projects implementation on the ground. Networks and knowledge sharing platforms are expected to play a crucial role in this effect.