Knowledge Sharing for Climate Change Adaption

CALESA - developing promising strategies using analogue locations in Eastern+Southern Africa

CALESA - developing promising strategies using analogue locations in Eastern+Southern Africa

Associated Organization: Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Research and Transfer Center Applications of Life Sciences

The CALESA project ( will test potential agricultural adaptation strategies for rain-fed agriculture in the semi-arid and sub-humid tropics, in particular Kenya and Zimbabwe. This will be achieved by using a combination of model-based ex-ante analyses and iterative field-based research on station and in farmers’ fields.

Themes: Agriculture, fisheries and food security, Crosscutting Issues, Gender, Poverty and vulnerability

Regions: East Africa, Southern Africa

Countries: Kenya, Zimbabwe

Followers: 3 people are following this project

Overview: All in all, the CALESA project covers eight study locations: Four crop productions zones, hereof two in Kenya and two in Zimbabwe, will be chosen. Then corresponding spatial “analogue locations” for each production zone will be identified, providing a total of eight locations. Special attention will be paid to adaptation to temperature increases; altitudinal effects on mean air temperature will facilitate this.

Given the potential of “analogue locations” to provide a solid basis for such research across sub-Saharan Africa, special emphasis will also be placed on the continuous documentation and dissemination of project activities and achievements through the internet, newsletters and dissemination events.

Finally, a strong element of participatory research with farmers within the project locations will ensure that CALESA's project activities and outputs remain relevant to their needs and expectations.

Project outputs:

  • 4 important crop growing areas in Kenya and Zimbabwe identified and fully characterized – areas comprise cool/dry, cool/wet, warm/dry and warm/wet growing conditions
  • Crop-growth simulation models and participatory surveys with farmers to identify and quantify the implications of current and future (climate change) production risk at the study locations
  • Potential crop, soil and water management and crop genotype adaptation options evaluated and adaptation strategies formulated for the target locations.
  • Strengthened institutional capacity (both in understanding climate change impacts and developing effective adaptation responses) through wide promotion and dissemination of project results as well as hands-on capacity-building
The partnership of the CALESA project comprises:- Kenya: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD);- Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe Meteorological Department (ZMD), Midlands State University (MSU);- Germany: Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Research and Transfer Centre Applications of Life Sciences In the medium to longer term, and as climate change begins to have noticeable impacts, farmers will have to progressively adapt their farming practices to a new set of climate-induced risks and opportunities.CALESA addresses this aspect, namely adaptation to progressive climate change with special emphasis on increasing temperature.More about CALESA on the web: 18/3/2011